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With 'Thunderball' filming in 1965, 'You Only Live Twice' and 'Casino Royale' in 1966 and Oscars for both 'Goldfinger' and 'Thunderball', James Bond was swingin'. So what else was...
1965
The world and events
Early Bird, the first commercial communications satellite, is launched.
The first US combat forces arrive in South Vietnam.
Rhodesia unilaterally declares its independence from Britain.
Malcolm X, the black-nationalist leader, shot at a Harlem rally.
The Queen withdraws Kim Philby's O.B.E.
Tony Hancock marries Freddie Ross.
Police 'panda' cars are introduced.
Club 18 - 30 launched.
The Kray twins cleared at the Old Bailey of running a protection racket.
Great Train robber Ronnie Biggs escapes from Wandsworth prison.
Post Office Tower, the UK's highest building (620ft), opened.
The death penalty abolished in Britain.
Sport
Muhammad Ali knocks out Sonny Liston in the first round for the heavyweight boxing title.
The L.A. Dodgers win the Baseball World Series.
Manchester Utd come top of the Football League.
Liverpool win the F.A. Cup.
The Ryder Cup: US wins 19.5 - 12.5.
Oxford win the Boat Race.
Jim Clark wins the Formula One Drivers Championship.
Lotus - Climax win the F1 Constructors Championship.
Wimbledon:
Women - Margaret Smith beats Maria Bueno (6-4 7-5).
Men - Roy Emerson beats Fred Stolle (6-2 6-4 6-4).
Music - albums released
The Beatles' albums 'Help!' and 'Rubber Soul' released.
Bob Dylan's 'Highway 61 Revisited' released.
The Rolling Stones' 'Out of our Heads' released.
The Kinks' 'Kinda Kinks' released.
Music - top singles
GO NOW - The Moody Blues
YOU'VE LOST THAT LOVIN' FEELIN' - The Righteous Brothers
TIRED OF WAITING FOR YOU - The Kinks
I'LL NEVER FIND ANOTHER YOU - The Seekers
IT'S NOT UNUSUAL - Tom Jones
THE LAST TIME - The Rolling Stones
TICKET TO RIDE - The Beatles
CRYING IN THE CHAPEL - Elvis Presley
DAYTRIPPER / WE CAN WORK IT OUT - The Beatles
MR TAMBOURINE MAN - The Byrds
HELP! - The Beatles
I GOT YOU BABE - Sonny and Cher
DOWNTOWN - Petula Clark
THIS DIAMOND RING - Gary Lewis and The Playboys
EIGHT DAYS A WEEK - The Beatles
STOP! IN THE NAME OF LOVE - The Supremes
I'M TELLING YOU NOW - Freddie and The Dreamers
MRS BROWN YOU'VE GOT A LOVELY DAUGHTER - Herman's Hermits
HELP ME RHONDA - The Beach Boys
MY GIRL - The Temptations
BACK IN MY ARMS AGAIN - The Supremes
I CAN'T HELP MYSELF (SUGAR PIE, HONEY BUNCH) - The Four Tops
(I CAN'T GET NO) SATISFACTION - The Rolling Stones
Deaths
Winston Churchill
Nat King Cole
T.S. Eliot
Richard Dimbleby
Stan Laurel
Fred Quimby
1966
The world and events
Frank Sinatra marries Mia Farrow.
Insulin first synthesized in China.
George Harrison marries model Patti Boyd.
The Beatles play last live concert.
Indira Ghandi becomes Prime Minister of India.
L.S.D. declared illegal in the U.S.
The Kashmir crisis - August 16 to September 22 (the Indians charged Pakistan with infiltrating into Kashmir. In response, the Indians launched an attack on Pakistan).
Biochemist Har Khorana finishes deciphering the DNA code.
Botswana, Lesotho and Guyana become independent states within the British Commonwealth.
Vietnam War extended into Cambodia.
First direct-dial international call made (previously all international calls required the assistance of operators).
Sport
Henry Cooper loses his rematch with Muhammad Ali in the 6th round.
FIFA World Cup: England beats West Germany (4-2).
Oxford win the Boat Race.
Jack Brabham wins the Formula One Drivers Championship.
Brabham - Repco win the F1 Constructors Championship.
Liverpool come top of the Football League.
Everton win the F.A. Cup.
Baltimore Orioles win the Baseball World Series.
Wimbledon:
Women - Billie Jean King beats Maria Bueno (6-3 3-6 6-1).
Men - Manuel Santana beats Dennis Ralston (6-4 11-9 6-4).
Music - albums released
The Beatles' album 'Revolver' released.
The Beach Boys' 'Pet Sounds' released.
The Rolling Stones' 'Aftermath' released.
The Kinks' 'The Kink Kontroversy' and 'Face To Face' released.
Music - top singles
KEEP ON RUNNING - Spencer Davis Group
THESE BOOTS ARE MADE FOR WALKIN' - Nancy Sinatra
STRANGERS IN THE NIGHT - Frank Sinatra
PAPERBACK WRITER - The Beatles
SUNNY AFTERNOON - The Kinks
YELLOW SUBMARINE / ELEANOR RIGBY - The Beatles
ALL OR NOTHING - Small Faces
REACH OUT AND I'LL BE THERE - The Four Tops
GOOD VIBRATIONS - The Beach Boys
THE SOUNDS OF SILENCE - Simon and Garfunkel
WE CAN WORK IT OUT - The Beatles
MY LOVE - Petula Clark
(YOU'RE MY) SOUL AND INSPIRATION - The Righteous Brothers
WHEN A MAN LOVES A WOMAN - Percy Sledge
PAINT IT BLACK - The Rolling Stones
WILD THING The Troggs
SUMMER IN THE CITY Lovin' Spoonful
SUNSHINE SUPERMAN - Donovan
YOU CAN'T HURRY LOVE - The Supremes
LAST TRAIN TO CLARKESVILLE - The Monkees
YOU KEEP ME HANGIN' ON - The Supremes
I'M A BELIEVER - The Monkees
Deaths
Walt Disney
Buster Keaton
Alma Cogan
Evelyn Waugh
Montgomery Clift
The Beatles
The Beatles
Appointed Members of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) by Elizabeth II in June 1965, their second film 'Help' was released in July. A ten city tour of the US commenced in August, and the album 'Rubber Soul' was released in December. They narrowly escaped rioting in the Phillippines during a tour in July 1966 after they accidentally snubbed the nation's first lady Imelda Marcos by not going to a breakfast reception. In August 1966, the album 'Revolver' was released followed by a further US tour, which would be their last.
The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
The band's second UK album 'The Rolling Stones No. 2' (US title 'The Rolling Stones, Now!'), was released in January 1965, charting at number 1. Early that year the band toured Australia and New Zealand, playing to about 100,000 people. Their first UK number 1 single was 'The Last Time' (released in February 1965). Their first international number 1 was '(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction', released in the US in June 1965. The US version of the album 'Out of Our Heads' (released in July 1965) also went to number 1. Their fourth UK album (sixth US) 'Aftermath' was released in April 1966 and went to number 1 in the UK and number 2 in the US.
Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
Sinatra released the album 'September of My Years' in August 1965, winning a Grammy. The anthology, 'A Man and His Music', followed in November winning a further Grammy in 1966. Sinatra's first live album, 'Sinatra at the Sands', was recorded during January and February 1966 at the Sands Hotel in Las Vegas. Later that year, the album 'That's Life' was released, with both the single and album becoming hits. A cover of 'Strangers in the Night' went on to top the Billboard and UK singles charts in June 1966.
Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan
Dylan's April 1965 album 'Bringing It All Back Home' featured first recordings made with electric instruments. That summer, he headlined at the Newport Folk Festival and performed his first electric set which provoked a hostile response from the folk music press. In July 1965, Dylan released the single 'Like a Rolling Stone', which reached number 4 in the UK and number 2 in the US charts. The albums 'Highway 61 Revisited' was released in August 1965 and 'Blonde on Blonde' the following June. Dylan undertook a world tour of Australia and Europe in the spring of 1966.
The Beach Boys
The Beach Boys
The Beach Boys released several albums in 1965 with a greater level of experimentation - 'Today!', 'Summer Days (And Summer Nights!!)' and 'Beach Boys' Party!' (which was an album mainly of covers). In November 1965, the group followed up their US number 3 summer hit 'California Girls' with another US top 20 single, 'The Little Girl I Once Knew'. In December they would score an unexpected number 2 hit (number 3 in the UK) with the single 'Barbara Ann'. In May 1966, 'Pet Sounds' was released. It was their eleventh studio album, now credited as one of the most important albums of its time, it reached only number 10 in the US - being a much better seller in the UK.
The Kinks
The Kinks
The Kinks toured Australia and New Zealand in January 1965 with their second album 'Kinda Kinks' released in March. Tensions began to show within the band, such as the on-stage fight in Cardiff in May. Following a mid-year tour of the US, the American Federation of Musicians refused permits for the group to appear in concerts there for the next four years, probably due to their behaviour on-stage. 'The Kink Kontroversy' album was released in November in the UK and 'Face to Face' in October 1966.

television

'Thunderbirds'
Launched on the ITV network in September 1965. The next Christmas saw the first of two films, 'Thunderbirds Are Go', released. The premiere was held at the London Pavilion, where one of the 'Thunderball' premieres had been held.
'The Likely Lads'
Transmitted on the BBC from December 1964-66, it ran for 3 series. Starring James Bolam and Rodney Bewes, downing pints and attempting to pull birds. Launched the comedy career of writers Dick Clement and Ian La Frenais.
'Batman'
Premiered in January 1966 on ABC twice weekly with these first episodes - 'Hi Diddle Riddle' and 'Smack in the Middle' and ran for three years. Starring Adam West and Burt Ward, joined by Batgirl Yvonne Craig in the third season.
'Adam Adamant Lives!'
Transmitted on the BBC (1966-67), it featured an Edwardian adventurer, deep-frozen in suspended animation in 1902 by nemesis, The Face. Found and thawed out years later, he solved crime in swinging London.
'Danger Man'
Spy drama starring Patrick McGoohan ran intermittently over three seasons (1960-66, ITV) and was broadcast in the US under the title 'Secret Agent'. A fourth season only lasted for two colour episodes to make way for 'The Prisoner'.
'The Monkees'
Micky, Davy, Mike and Pete burst onto NBC in September 1966. The album 'The Monkees', was released to promote the TV show. The music outlasted the series which ended in 1968 - nine albums were released up to 1970.
'Doctor Who'
After three years / 29 stories (including 'Mission to the Unknown' where he was credited but didn't appear), William Hartnell left the long running BBC show, and was seen to regenerate into Patrick Troughton (October 1966).
'Get Smart'
A James Bond spoof starring Don Adams (Maxwell Smart, Agent 86) - co-created by Mel Brooks. After four seasons on NBC beginning September 1965 it was cancelled. CBS then picked it up for a fifth and final season.
'The Saint'
With most of the original Charteris stories translated, ITV wrote a new contract to continue the series, in colour from 1966, with newly created stories and Roger Moore as co-producer. Also, premiered on NBC in network primetime.
'I Dream of Jeannie'
Premiered on NBC in September 1965 (ran for five seasons, the first in black and white) starring Barbara Eden and Larry Hagman. Barbara Eden also played Jeannie's mother in two episodes and Jeannie's sister in nine episodes.
'Star Trek'
Kirk and the Enterprise went boldly for the first time on NBC in September 1966. Their 'five-year mission' lasted for 79 episodes over three seasons. The pilot starred Jeffrey Hunter as the original Enterprise captain, Christopher Pike.
'The Dean Martin Show'
In 1965 Dean Martin agreed to host this weekly variety series; a big hit for NBC running for nine seasons. The first show premiered in September 1965 and featured Frank Sinatra. Joey Bishop also appeared in 13 of the shows.
'The Avengers'
The Emma Peel era (1965-67, ITV) was the most successful period for The Avengers. ABC bought the show for the US, although first reluctant a deal was made that in buying it the next season, five, would be made in colour.
'The Flintstones'
The Flintstones (originally Flagstones) was a Hanna-Barbera production that originally aired on ABC in primetime slots from 1960-66. It was television's first animated series running to 166 original episodes.
'Not Only...But Also...'
Conceived as a showcase for Dudley Moore, by the second programme Peter Cook had established himself as joint lead. Transmitted on the BBC in January 1965, the second series a year later (a third in colour from February 1970).
'The Man from U.N.C.L.E.'
TV's version of James Bond, the show ran on NBC from 1964 to 1968. There were eight feature-length films made from two-part episodes and a spin-off, 'The Girl From U.N.C.L.E.' in 1966 - the same year the original premiered in the UK.
'Mission Impossible'
Premiered on CBS in September 1966. Dan Briggs (Steve Hill) led the IMF team of Cinnamon (Barbara Bain), Barney (Greg Morris) and Willy (Peter Lupus) for this first season. Martin Landau appeared as a guest star for most shows.
'A Charlie Brown Christmas'
The Emmy award winning special premiered on ABC in December 1965. The original broadcast included brief animated sections with the logo of the shows sponsor, Coco-Cola - these were later edited out of future versions.
   
Twiggy
 
Jean Shrimpton
 

top films

'Georgy Girl'
featuring James Mason, Alan Bates, Lynn Redgrave, Charlotte Rampling
'The Sound of Music'
featuring Julie Andrews
'Cat Ballou'
featuring Jane Fonda, Lee Marvin
' For a Few Dollars More'
featuring Clint Eastwood, Lee Van Cleef
'The Hill'
featuring Sean Connery, Harry Andrews, Ian Bannen, Alfred Lynch
'Help!'
featuring John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, Ringo Starr
'Carry On Screaming!'
featuring Harry H. Corbett, Kenneth Williams, Jim Dale, Charles Hawtrey
'The Ipcress File'
featuring Michael Caine
'A Man for All Seasons'
featuring Paul Scofield, Wendy Hiller, Leo McKern, Robert Shaw, Orson Welles
'The Good, the Bad and the Ugly'
featuring Clint Eastwood, Lee Van Cleef
'Torn Curtain'
featuring Paul Newman, Julie Andrews
'Blow-Up'
featuring David Hemmings, Vanessa Redgrave
'The Spy Who Came In From The Cold'
featuring Richard Burton
'Doctor Zhivago'
featuring Omar Sharif, Julie Christie, Geraldine Chaplin, Rod Steiger, Alec Guinness
'What's New Pussycat?'
featuring Peter Sellers, Peter O'Toole
'Fantastic Voyage'
featuring Stephen Boyd, Raquel Welch
'The Flight of the Phoenix'
featuring James Stewart, Richard Attenborough, Peter Finch
'The Great Race'
featuring Jack Lemmon, Tony Curtis
'Repulsion'
featuring Catherine Deneuve, Ian Hendry
'Carry On Cowboy'
featuring Sid James, Kenneth Williams, Jim Dale, Charles Hawtrey
'Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?'
featuring Elizabeth Taylor, Richard Burton, George Segal
'Fahrenheit 451'
featuring Oskar Werner, Julie Christie
'Batman'
featuring Adam West, Burt Ward
 
 
academy awards
Lee Marvin and Julie Andrews
Hosted by Bob Hope on April 18th 1966 (for the year 1965 - broadcast in colour for the first time).
Best Picture
Winner: The Sound of Music (1965) - Robert Wise
Other nominees:
Darling (1965) - Joseph Janni
Doctor Zhivago (1965) - Carlo Ponti
Ship of Fools (1965) - Stanley Kramer
A Thousand Clowns (1965) - Fred Coe
Best Effects, Special Visual Effects
Winner: Thunderball (1965) - John Stears
Other nominees:
The Greatest Story Ever Told (1965) - J. McMillan Johnson
Best Actor in a Leading Role
Winner: Lee Marvin - Cat Ballou (1965)
Other nominees:
Laurence Olivier - Othello (1965)
Rod Steiger - The Pawnbroker (1964)
Oskar Werner - Ship of Fools (1965)
Richard Burton - The Spy Who Came In from the Cold (1965)
Best Actress in a Leading Role
Winner: Julie Christie - Darling (1965)
Other nominees:
Samantha Eggar - The Collector (1965)
Elizabeth Hartman - A Patch of Blue (1965)
Simone Signoret - Ship of Fools (1965)
Julie Andrews - The Sound of Music (1965)